Marlborough Road, Birmingham, West Midlands B10 9NY



Marlborough Infant & Nursery School

In reaching for the stars every child will achieve their goals and fulfill their true potential.


Geography is taught as a part of our thematic curriculum.  We ensure children have a good understanding of their locality and the wider world around them.  They have a broad understanding of the impact they have on their environment and the impact of others.

 Geography Policy 2018-19.docxDownload
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Geography in Years 1 and 2 covers the four main subject areas: Place knowledge, Location knowledge, Human and Physical knowledge and Geographical skills and fieldwork. These are all taught through the Year 1 and 2 topics throughout the course of the year. 

Place knowledge

  •    Children will understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-     European country.

Location Knowledge

  •      Children will name and locate the world's seven continents and five oceans.
  •      Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Human and Physical Knowledge

  •      Children will identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  •      Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.
  •      Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

  •      Children will use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
  •      Children will use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example; near and far, left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.
  •      They will use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.
  •      Children will use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.